Indica, Sativa, and Everything In Between

The Social and Historical Differences of Cannabis Strains

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Cannabis, marijuana, weed. A plant of many names and variations. Every plant has its own
classifications of species and cannabis is no different in this respect. Most people are familiar with the terms Indica, sativa, and even hybrid. These terms are used to describe the type of plant and strain being grown.

Whether you are a patient or a recreational user, you are bound to have a preference among the options. Every option presents its own benefits and type of high, leaving the decision up to the informed individual. In areas where cannabis is not as available or legal you may not have the luxury of being able to pick and choose. Familiarizing yourself with the traits of these plants will help you get a better idea of what you’re lighting up and what could be more effective for you.

Starting with the basics.. where do they come from, and what’s the difference?

Indicas are known for being incredibly potent and providing some of the most intense highs
because of their spiked THC content. Indicas traditionally have higher CBD content as well which helps relieve pain and relax the body, making them natural alternatives to many prescription medicines today. Strains from the indica family are favorites of patients who suffer from insomnia, chronic pain, or eating disorders. The relaxing effects of CBD make indica strains popular choices among patients with anxiety as well.

Jean-Baptiste Lamarack, a french naturalist of the time, was the first to describe this variation of the cannabis plant that had been observed in India, and named it in 1785. His interest shifted and he later went on to do notable work classifying worms and spiders as an expert of invertebrates. Indicas are known for having come from areas where the weather is harsh and the temperatures are cooler. The plants adapted to these conditions in order to survive, resulting in shorter more compact cannabis variations. Indicas typically range from 3-6 ft in height and have shorter flowering periods, usually between 8-10 weeks. Desirable traits that make them ideal for indoor operations where space is limited.

Afghani, Ketama, and Hindu Kush are some of the strains that are considered to be ‘Pure’ indica for those of you who need a good nights rest, or to relieve some pain. Sativas are opposites of the Indica strains and lead to more cerebral creative highs. These strains are great for patients who suffer from depression, PTSD, and social anxieties. They have the ability to lift your spirits in seconds and can provide needed focus and energy. A good sativa will do you about the same justice as coffee in the morning and usually doesn’t leave you feeling heavy or groggy like some indicas can. Most commonly found in warmer climates like Mexico, South America, and the West Coast, sativas are branded as tropical treats with names like Pineapple Express, Maui Waui, and Green Crack.

These strains tend to have citrus or diesel like aromas, they grow taller than
indica strains, ranging from 8-12 ft with some reaching heights of 18 ft under superb conditions. Flowering periods for these strains are longer than that of the indica strains, with some between 12-14 weeks. Many sativa strains take on names of famous musicians and their work like Willie Nelson, Stevie Wonder, and Purple Haze named after the famous Jimi Hendrix song.

Hybrids are the love children and result of sativas and indicas coming together. Giving patients and recreational users a little bit of the best of both worlds; hybrids are more calm than a sativa, but not quite as heavy as an indica. Hybrids are appreciated for their ability to be used morning, day, or night. A waking result that doesn’t have to end in a crash.

These strains can be dominant to either effect however this is dependent on the parent strains used when breeding. Snoop Dogg, who is also referred to as the ‘King of Cannabis’, has been the creator of many strains to enter the cannabis community, including Snoop’s Dream a self-titled hybrid.

Hybrids are favorites in the growing community, the crossing of the different strains creates sought after growing times and yields, and gives growers the ability to create variety. Sativa, indica, and hybrid strains each bring to the table their own set of benefits and results.

Depending on your needs and preferences, there are strains that you will find can accommodate, and with cross breeding, the possibilities of personalized strains are very real and continually being worked towards.

Originally posted 2017-11-06 16:20:18.